Leadership is the skill of motivating and encouraging a group of people or followers to achieve a specific goal. The managerial function directing deals with the leadership concept. As leadership is dealing with directing people to work or acts as the leader wants them to act. The leader must compel them to work and get the task done from them. The main aim is to achieve the company’s goals and objectives but it should be carried out in such a way that the workers give in their maximum efforts and dedication towards the achievement of aim.
Difference between a Leader and a Manager
The leader and manager are two different terms and are often confused with one another. The manager is responsible for managing the organization’s work and plans. Whereas, the leader is responsible for motivating and inspiring his or her subordinates to work in a specific way to achieve a common goal. A manager reacts to change whereas, a leader is the one who brings the change. A leader’s subordinates are his or her followers, on the contrary manager’s subordinates are his or her employees.
Let us understand this with the help of an example, for example, there’s a company that is starting a new project named Assignment Help, to help students in their essay writing. A manager will make plans on how this project will work, the steps, the procedure to be followed, etc. Whereas the leader will motivate and influence his or her subordinates in such a way that they will work hard on making this project a success. A manager is focused on systems and procedures but the leader is focused on people. Similarly, there are many other differences between a manager and a leader.
Different types of leadership
Leaders can be of different types and each of them might have a different style. As it is said that the leaders are born and not made, so according to this, every leader is born with certain distinct characteristics. How a leader motivates or influences their subordinates depends on the type of person he or she is. Here’s a list of certain types of leadership styles that are used by the leaders to manage and motivate their employees to get the task done from them. All of them have their own merits and demerits.
Autocratic Leadership – Autocratic leader is a type of leader that does not listen or consults their followers. This type of leader makes their rules ad decisions themselves and want their followers to adhere to these decisions without questioning. They do not consult or take inputs from their subordinates prior to decision making. Even if some of the subordinates provide suggestions, then usually they are not considered.
This type of leadership is rarely effective. A manager shifting the employees to a new branch without consulting anyone of them is an example of an autocratic leadership style. It is important to consult the employees that are being affected. If this style is followed, then the employees can be demotivated and even leave the organization. Due to this reason, the use of this style has declined.
Democratic Leadership – This style is the exact opposite of the autocratic style. In the democratic style, a leader is concerned about the suggestions and opinions of his or her subordinates. Before taking any decision and implementing it, the leader takes input from the workers working under him or her. This motivates the employees as they get the authority to put their viewpoints in front of others.
For example, in a meeting for making the department more efficient, the department head can give a chance to the department members to give in some ideas that can help to improve the overall efficiency of the department. This leadership is usually effective and is widely used.
Laissez-Faire Leadership – This is a type of leadership style where the leader gives his or her employees full freedom to work according to their choices and preferences. This type of leadership style can be effective sometimes. The problem in this style is that it lacks discipline. It works fully on the trust the employer has on his or her employees. There are no restrictions imposed on employees regarding the deadline or the process/ procedure to follow while doing a task
For example, the manager tells his or her employees to prepare financial statements and present it and says that you can do it anyhow. Now, it depends on the employees who want to create a presentation and who will deliver it. Laissez-faire leadership style can sometimes be effective but in order to avoid problems, it is essential to keep it in check. The leader must be aware of when to provide freedom to employees and when to order them to follow the provided guidelines. If this is kept in check, then management can be carried out effectively.
Bureaucratic Leadership – In bureaucratic leadership, the leaders listen to their employees but it is not necessary that they will always select inputs provided by the employees. They can reject their ideas and suggestions if they feel that it’s wrong or have conflicted with past practices of the company. Leaders under this leadership style usually follow traditional ways to achieve a target.
If an employee or worker comes up with a plan that’s a completely new idea or non-traditional method, it can be easily predicted that the idea might be rejected. Although this style can be effective as it hampers an employee’s ability to bring innovative and creative ideas. This leadership style is not suitable for the company that wants to grow in quickest manner.
The selection of leadership style should be dependent upon the type of company and the goals the firm wishes to achieve. Some leadership styles can suit a company while others might not. It also depends on the managers; the way they want to use to manage their employees. Also, one can keep changing the style according to the demand and requirement of the circumstance.