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Types of Engineering Careers

If you guys are confused on what to take as career, we are here to help you with the vast options available in engineering. Here, we will take a look at all the branches that are available in engineering, the scope of all the branches now and in the future, the salaries offered and other aspects related to the subjects. We will take a look at all the types of engineering courses- aerospace Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Automotive Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Civil Engineering, etc.

choose the right engineering careers direction
Choose the right engineering careers direction

List of Different Career Paths for Engineers :

1. Aerospace Engineer

The work of an aerospace engineer will be related to the working of the vehicles that operate in the air, planes, spaceships, helicopter, etc. It will deal with fluids, buoyancy, air pressure, structure of the plane, etc. The scope of this engineering field is very vast. There are a large number of job opportunities, it is not just pilot, the air vehicles contain complex systems that will require a systems engineer or engineering project managers. You should have a good base in electrical, computer science, mechanical engineering.

2. Agricultural Engineering

This field is also known by the name biological engineering. The subjects covered in the college if you where to take this course will include everything related to agriculture. It could be about raising food sources that can thrive in water, resource planning and allocation, land farming and forestry.

3. Automotive Engineering

Vehicles are what everything thinks about when they talk about engineering. When you are driving a car, you are using the facility provided to you by the expertise of many engineers of which the most credits go to the automotive engineer. The job of the automotive engineers is to design, develop in the factories and to produce the subsystems of the vehicles.

4. Biomedical Engineering

The job of a biomedical engineer is to apply the concepts of engineering in the medical field. The work of these engineers is to find solutions to the problems faced in the hospitals in areas like scanning, medical instruments, etc. Theses engineers are the ones who makes it possible for the availability of medical equipment like microscopical surgical tools.

5. Chemical Engineer

Chemistry is all about atoms and molecules and the engineering here is the use of knowledge in this field to manipulate the reactions of various elements in the surroundings and use it according to our needs. The engineering that happens in this field finds its applications in lot of areas including nanotechnology. The energy sources depend a lot on the study and research going in this field.

6. Civil Engineer

Civil engineering is about structures. It can be the tall structures you see in the cities to small rooms in your houses. Civil engineers specialise in the areas of strength of materials and their properties, how the layout of the bricks and other construction materials have to be, how to design a structure, the possible layouts, the problems faced when designing a building, the lifetime of these structures, how to modify existing structures, etc.

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7. Computer Engineer

Computer engineers are the ones in demand nowadays. Everything we see is somehow related to the IT world. Daily some products are being developed according to the customer’s needs. The skills required for you after coming out of your institution as a computer science engineer will be programming languages like python, c, java, designing programs like HTML, CSS, Javascript, etc. Even software related to manipulating pictures and videos like photoshop will come in handy in getting a job. AI and machine learning are other areas in which companies are looking for people with skills.

8. Drafting & Design Engineer

Drafting and Design Engineering is an exciting career that allows the engineer to be involved in all stages of the design process, from conception to presentation of the finished plans. These engineers take care of the plans and how it should be presented to the customers and the clients. The entire draft is prepared by them and the matters of amount related maths is carried out by them.

9. Electrical Engineer

The main areas that are focussed by the electrical engineers are power supply and generation. There are a lot of other areas where you will get chance to work for, like developing, testing and supervising electrical equipment. The responsibilities of the wiring and lighting installations of the building, or in automobiles or aircrafts, etc. are taken care of by these engineers. You get a lot of chances in this field ranging from construction, manufacturing and design.

10. Environmental Engineer

The role of this engineer is to use the skills in science and engineering to protect the environment. Their primary focus is the quality of air, water and soil and making sure that the population is in check always. The responsibilities of the engineer will include seeking solutions to waste water management, water borne diseases and various types of pollution. They work on to improve recycling techniques, waste disposal and to maintain hygiene.

11. Geological Engineer

The study of a geological engineer involves geology, subjects related to civil engineering and the fields such as forestry, mining and geography. The application of earth science to problems faced by humans is the main job of these engineers. The speciality of this engineering field revolves around the areas like groundwater studies, planning of construction sites, hazard investigations, etc.

12. Marine Engineer

The marine engineers are the people responsible with the vessels in the sea. The design and construct the huge vessels and structures that are responsible for the movement of goods and people across continents via the waters. To put it simply, they are the ones who design the onboard environmental, electrical, and propulsion systems. 

13. Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical engineering can be simply put as the study of motion, dynamics of machines, energy and force. The work of a mechanical engineer will include control of these forces and elements by using the proper combination of materials in the correct ratios and use the resources (both human and economic resources) to develop mechanical solutions to help to solve the problems and satisfy the needs of the people and the society.

14. Petroleum Engineer

The work of the petroleum engineer is the specialisation in design and development of technology and methods for digging the earth and find sources of the fossil fuels namely petroleum and coal. Extraction of oil and natural gas is important as they are sources of energy and runs the industries and hence the world in general.

15. Software Engineer

Software engineering is another part of the computer science engineering where the main focus is given on development of new software. The work of the engineers will also include modification of existing software to make it more user friendly. Their works are also to test the existing software and come up with ways on how it can be improved and tell about the areas where the current software lacks.

Conclusion

Here, most of the engineering courses have been discussed. The jobs and opportunities offered by all these fields of engineering are enormous. You just have to pick the right choice and equip yourselves with the necessary skills needed for the job what you are looking for or the company that you are targeting.

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