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Syllabus of MATERIAL SCIENCE (NME- 301)

Introduction : Importance of materials. historical perspective, Brief review of modern & atomic concepts
in Physics and Chemistry. Atomic models, Periodic table, Chemical bondings.

Crystallography and Imperfections : Concept of unit cell space lattice, Bravais lattices, common crystal
structures, Atomic packing factor and density. Miller indices. Xray crystallography techniques.
Imperfections, Defects & Dislocations in solids.

Mechanical properties and Testing : Stress strain diagram, Ductile & brittle material, Stress vs strength.
Toughness, Hardness, Fracture, Fatigue and Creep. Testing of material such as Strength tests, Hardness
tests, Impact tests, Fatigue tests, Creep tests, and Non-destructive testing (NDT).

Microstructural Exam : Microscope principle and methods. Preparation of samples and Microstructure
exam and grain size determination. Comparative study of microstructure of various metals & alloys such
as Mild steel, CI, Brass.

Phase Diagram and Equilibrium Diagram : Uniary and Binary diagrams, Phase rules. Types of
equilibrium diagrams: Solid solution type, eutectic type and combination type. Iron-carbon equilibrium

Ferrous materials : Various types of carbon steels, alloy steels and cast irons, its properties and uses.

Heat Treatment : Various types of heat treatment such as Annealing, Normalizing, Quenching,
Tempering (Austempering, Martempering), and various case hardening processes. Time Temperature
Transformation (TTT) diagrams.

Diffusion: Diffusion of Solids, Ficks I and II law.

Non-Ferrous metals and alloys : Non-ferrrous metals such as Cu, Al, Zn, Cr, Ni etc. and its
applications. Various type of Brass and Bronze, bearing materials, its properties and uses. Aluminum
alloys such as Duralumin. Other advanced materials/alloys.

Dielectric Materials: Dielectric Materials and their applications.

Magnetic properties : Concept of magnetism – Dia, para, ferro Hysteresis. Soft and hard magnetic
materials, Magnetic storages.

Electric properties, Semi conductors and Super conductors: Energy band concept of conductor,
insulator and semi-conductor. Intrinsic & extrinsic semi-conductors. P-n junction and transistors. Basic
devices and its application. Super conductivity and its applications. Messier effect. Type I & II
superconductors. High Tc superconductors.

Ceramics : Structure types and properties and applications of ceramics. Mechanical/Electrical behavior
and processing of Ceramics.

Plastics : Various types of polymers/plastics and its applications. Mechanical behaviour and processing
of plastics. Future of plastics.

Other materials : Brief description of other material such as optical and thermal materials, Composite
Materials and its uses. Introduction to Smart materials & Nano-materials and their potential applications

Performance of materials in service: Brief theoretical consideration of Fracture, Fatigue, and Corrosion
and its control.

Books and References:
1. Callisters Materials Science and Engineering, by William D. Callister, Jr, (Adopted by R.
Balasubramaniam), Wiley India Pvt. Ltd.
2. Elements of Material Science & Engineering by Van Vlack, Pearson
3. Materials Science and Engineering – A First Course by Raghavan, PHI
4. Material Science and Engineering by Smith, Hashemi and Prakash, TMH
5. Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers by Shackelford, Pearson
6. Material Science by Narula , TMH.
7. Material Science for Engineering Students by Fischer, Academic Press
8. Technology of Engineering materials by Philip and Bolton, Butterworth-Heinamann


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