Download notes of FLUID MECHANICS (NCE- 301)
Syllabus of FLUID MECHANICS (NCE- 301)
Unit – I
Fluid and continuum, Physical properties of fluids, Rheology of fluids.
Pressure-density-height relationship, manometers, pressure transducers, pressure on plane and curved
surfaces, centre of pressure, buoyancy, stability of immersed and floating bodies, fluid masses
subjected to linear acceleration and uniform rotation about an axis.
Unit – II
Types of fluid flows: Continuum & free molecular flows. Steady and unsteady, uniform and non- uniform, laminar and turbulent flows, rotational and irrotational flows, compressible and
incompressible flows, subsonic, sonic and supersonic flows, sub-critical, critical and supercritical
flows, one, two and three dimensional flows, streamlines, continuity equation for 3D and 1D flows,
circulation, stream function and velocity potential.
Dimensional analysis, Buckingham’s Pi theorem, important dimensionless numbers and their
Unit – III
Potential Flow: source, sink, doublet and half-body.
Equation of motion along a streamline and its integration, Bernoulli’s equation and its applications- Pitot tube, orifice meter, venturi meter and bend meter, Hot-wire anemometer and LDA, notches and
weirs, momentum equation and its application to pipe bends.
Similarity Laws: geometric, kinematics and dynamic similarity, undistorted and distorted model
Unit – IV
Equation of motion for laminar flow through pipes, Stokes’ law, transition from laminar to turbulent
flow, turbulent flow, types of turbulent flow, isotropic, homogenous turbulence, scale and intensity of
turbulence, measurement of turbulence, eddy viscosity, mixing length concept and velocity
distribution in turbulent flow over smooth and rough surfaces, resistance to flow, minor losses, pipe
in series and parallel, power transmission through a pipe, siphon, water hammer, three reservoir
problems and pipe networks.
Unit – V
Boundary layer thickness, boundary layer over a flat plate, laminar boundary layer, application of
momentum equation, turbulent boundary layer, laminar sub-layer, separation and its control, Drag
and lift, drag on a sphere, a two dimensional cylinder, and an aerofoil, Magnus effect.
Introduction to compressible flow
1. Fox & Donald, “Introduction to Fluid Mechanics” John Wiley &Sons Pvt Ltd,
2. Cengel & Cimbala, ”Fluid Mechanics” TMH, New Delhi.
3. White,F.M. ”Fluid Mechanics” TMH, New Delhi.
4. Munsen et al ,”Fundamental of Fluid Mechanics” Wiley Newyork Ltd
5. Garde, R.J., “ Fluid Mechanics”, SciTech Publications Pvt. Ltd
6. I.H. Shames, “Mechanics of Fluids”, McGraw Hill, Int. Student, Education