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Thermodynamic relations: Conditions for exact differentials. Maxwell relations, Clapeyron
equation, Joule-Thompson coefficient and Inversion curve. Coefficient of volume expansion,
Adiabatic and Isothermal compressibility.

Fuels and Combustion: Combustion analysis, heating values, air requirement, Air/Fuel ratio,
standard heat of reaction and effect of temperature on standard heat of reaction, heat of formation,
Adiabatic flame temperature.

Boilers: Classifications and working of boilers, boiler mountings and accessories, Draught and its
calculations, air pre heater, feed water heater, super heater. Boiler efficiency, Equivalent evaporation.
Boiler trial and heat balance.

Condenser: Classification of condenser, air leakage, condenser performance parameters.

Vapour Power cycles: Carnot vapour power cycle, Rankine cycle, effect of pressure and temperature
on Rankine cycle, Reheat cycle, Regenerative cycle, Feed water heaters, Binary vapour cycle,
Combined cycles, Cogeneration.

Steam Engines: Modified Rankine cycles, working and classification of steam engines, Indicator
diagram, Saturation curve, Missing quantity, Heat balance.

Steam and Gas Nozzles: Flow through Convergent and convergent-divergent nozzles, variation of
velocity, area and specific volume, Choked flow, throat area, Nozzle efficiency, Off design operation
of nozzle, Effect of friction on nozzle, Super saturated flow.

Steam Turbines : Classification of steam turbine, Impulse and Reaction turbines, Staging, Stage and
Overall efficiency, Reheat factor, Bleeding, Velocity diagram of simple and compound multistage
impulse and reaction turbines and related calculations, work done, efficiencies of reaction, Impulse
reaction turbines, state point locus, Losses in steam turbines, Governing of turbines, Comparison with
steam engine.

Gas Turbine: Gas turbine classification, Brayton cycle, Principles of gas turbine, Gas turbine cycles
with intercooling, reheat and regeneration and their combinations, Stage efficiency, Polytropic
efficiency. Deviation of actual cycles from ideal cycles.

Jet Propulsion: Introduction to the principles of jet propulsion, Turbojet and turboprop engines and
their processes, Principle of rocket propulsion, Introduction to Rocket Engine.

Books and References:
1. Basic and Applied Thermodynamics by P.K. Nag, TMH
2. Applied thermodynamics by Onkar Singh, New Age International
3. Applied Thermodynamics for Engineering Technologists by Eastop, Pearson Education
4. Applied Thermodynamics by Venkanna And Swati, PHI


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